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Experience the Rich Culture and Traditions of Pongal, the Tamil Harvest Festival

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Baskar Sundaram

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Pongal, the greatest and biggest festival for Tamils, is a celebration of love, gratitude, community, bravery and courage. It’s a time to reflect on the hard work, determination, and strength of those who have come before us, and to honor the bravery and courage that we see in ourselves and others.

Though traditionally celebrated over 28 days, it is now celebrated over 4 days, but the spirit of Pongal remains the same – to give thanks for the gifts of life and to come together with loved ones. Pongal teaches us the importance of gratitude and to show appreciation for all the little things in our lives.

As we gather to celebrate Pongal, let us also take a moment to celebrate the gifts of life, nature, animals, and the people around us. Let us show our gratitude and share love with one another. Let us also take this opportunity to remember and honor those who have shown bravery and courage in their lives, and to celebrate the bravery and courage that we see in ourselves and others.

On this auspicious week of the year, I pray that Pongal will bring you happiness, good luck, and prosperity. May it be the start of brighter days for you and your loved ones.

Happy Pongal, Makara Sankranti, Uttarayan, Bihu to all Indians and friends of Indians across the world.”

🎋🌹 நண்பர்கள் அனைவருக்கும், அனைவரது குடும்பத்தாருக்கும் எனது நெஞ்சம் நிறைந்த இனிய 

பொங்கல் நல்வாழ்த்துக்கள்

தமிழர் திருநாள் நல்வாழ்த்துக்கள்

தமிழ்ப் புத்தாண்டு நல்வாழ்த்துக்கள்😊🎋🌺


Pongal is a four-day festival celebrated in the Tamil Nadu state of India. It is a harvest festival that is held to mark the end of the harvest season and to give thanks to the sun, nature, and the farm animals that have played a role in the harvest.

The festival is typically celebrated over four days, with each day having a specific name and significance. The first day is called Bhogi Pongal, and it is a time for people to clean their homes and dispose of old items that are no longer needed. This is symbolically done to get rid of the old and embrace the new.

The second day is called Thai Pongal or Surya Pongal, and it is a time to honor the sun. On this day, people prepare a dish called pongal, which is made from rice, lentils, and other ingredients, and offer it to the sun as a way of thanking it for its warmth and light. The preparation of pongal is a communal activity, with women gathering together to cook the dish in large pots outside.

The third day is called Maattu Pongal, and it is a time to honor cows. On this day, cows are decorated with flowers and other adornments and are given special treats. Bullfights also referred to as Jallikattu, are organised on this day. 

Jallikattu is a traditional bull-taming sport that is deeply rooted in the Tamil culture and tradition. It is typically held during the Pongal festival, which is a harvest festival celebrated in January. The sport involves young men trying to tame or hold on to the hump of a bull for a certain distance or time.

Jallikattu has a long history in Tamil Nadu, believed to have originated more than 2,500 years ago. It is seen as a way for young men to showcase their strength, courage and also as a tribute to the bulls who are an integral part of the agrarian lifestyle. It is also a way to preserve the unique breeds of bulls and promote Tamil pride.

Jallikattu is an important part of the Tamil culture and tradition, and is attended by thousands of people each year. It is an integral part of the Pongal festival celebrations and is a celebration of Tamil heritage. Many people in Tamil Nadu look forward to Jallikattu as a symbol of Tamil pride, culture and tradition.

The fourth and final day is called Kaanum Pongal, and it is a time for people to come together with their families and friends to celebrate and have fun. It is a day of feasting and socializing, with people visiting each other’s homes and participating in various activities.

Throughout the festival, people also engage in a number of traditional activities, such as drawing intricate designs called kolams on the ground, participating in sports and games, and visiting temples to offer prayers. Pongal is an important cultural and religious festival for the Tamil community and is a time for people to come together and celebrate the abundance of the harvest season.

In addition to the traditional activities, Pongal is also marked by a number of cultural events and performances, such as music, dance, and theater. People also exchange gifts and sweets with each other as a way of celebrating the occasion.

Pongal is a time of joy and celebration for the Tamil community, and it is an important festival that brings people together and reinforces the bonds of community. It is a time to give thanks for the abundance of the harvest season and to look forward to the year ahead with hope and optimism.

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